Chernobyl lands since the 17th century were famous for their loyalty to representatives of different religions, as well as any other lands, the main source of income of which – river trade. Orthodox and Catholics, Old Believers and Jews lived here next to each other. Until now, unfortunately, not so many monuments have survived: the remains of Old Slavonic Gorodishcha, Orthodox churches in the city of Chernobyl and the village of Krasne, a Jewish cemetery and one of the most interesting places – the settlement of the Old Believers.
The first representatives of the Old Believers appeared on the territory of the exclusion zone in the XVIII century, fleeing from religious misunderstanding with former fellow countrymen. The most famous settlement on the territory of the Zone is the village of Zamoshnya, which is located in 20 km from the city of Prypyat. The settlement was founded around 1900 as a separate settlement of the 600 of Old Believers.
As evidence of their residence there are the remnants of the church and the cemetery with octagonal crosses and unusual for Ukraine wooden tombstones in the form of small houses –log houses.
The Church of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God, which used to be a part of the convent, now stands alone among the herbs. After the accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, its dome was burned down, and the walls became a haven for animals. However, the abandoned church did not last long – in the beginning of 2010, the community of the Church of St. Elias (Chernobyl) began its restoration, but according to Orthodox traditions. At present, the church’s restoration is suspended.
Today, Zamoshne is a unique monument of the culture of the Old Believers of Ukraine with its ancient history.